There such as, “though Israel does not regard

There are some types of
clauses such as adverbial/ circumstance clause, relative/nominal clause,
dependent/independent clause, finite/non finite clause. Adverbial clause is a
group of words functioning as adverb which is recognized by a subordinating
conjunction along a noun and a verb. Circumstantial clause is slightly similar
to the adverbials. It refers to the idea that a dependent, subordinating
conjuction supplies the background information of a clause. It gives the
information from questions such as- what, how, when, what extent, under what
circumstances etc. Nominal clause includes the subject and verb, functions as a
noun phrase. It starts usually with the relative pronoun or relative
adverb  which turns the clause as
dependent. Relative clause is similar someway to the nominal clause that also
starts with relative pronoun or relative adverb known as adjective clause,
typically a dependent clause. A dependent clause (subordinating clause) is not
able to stand alone which may combine with another dependent or independent
clause. On the other hand, an independent clause is one which stands by itself
and has equal status to the other clause or clauses it is being linked with
(Bare, 2004). Finite and non finite are clauses that may sometimes combine with
dependent or independent clauses. Finite verbs are marked by tense and modality
and non finite verbs are not.

          In task 2 text 1, all the clauses are written text which
has standard and grammatically high frequented language. All the clauses are
finite that marks by tense and modality. Those clauses use simple present,
simple past and past perfect tenses. For example, “Thousands of Palestinians
had protested on Friday”, the clause has past perfect tense. Another example
is, “It contains sites sacred to the three major monotheistic faiths – Judaism,
Islam and Christianity”, it has simple present tense. So, these are finite
clauses. Text 1 has some dependent and independent clauses. “With solidarity
demonstrations held across the Arab world and in other Muslim-majority nations”
– that is a dependent finite clause because it cannot stand alone and has
simple past. It has also adverbial and circumstantial clauses such as, “though
Israel does not regard them as settlements but legitimate neighborhoods”-
provides background information which is a circumstantial clause. “According to
the 1993 Israel-Palestinian peace accords, the final status of Jerusalem is
meant” is an adverb. Text 2 has some finite/non finite and
dependent/independent clauses. “I begin very well the round” is an example of
independent and finite clause. Spoken texts usually have more independent
clauses as speakers use simple sentences to convey their messages in a short
time. “it was the key, really.” is an adverbial, dependent finite clause from
the spoken text. Spoken text uses this kind of adverbs to express them

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          Text 1 and text 2 are far different from one another
because text 1 is written which has long complex clauses and text 2 is spoken
that has simple and verbal clauses. The vocabularies in text 1 are rich and
high frequented than text 2. Text 1 has more nouns such as Palestin, Israel and
text 2 has pronouns such as I, you, it. Text 1 has more finite clauses than
text 2. Speakers don’t follow the grammatical rules always. In text 2, there
are some clauses which is not grammatically correct as speakers get few times
to say what they want to say. Text 1 and 2 don’t have any nominal or relative
clauses. The texts have adverbial and circumstantial clauses though spoken has
less circumstancial clauses than the written one.

          Written text is stable and permanent and spoken is
correctable. Written text is complex and uses vocabulary of high frequency.
Spoken text is very simple and easily understandable. Writers use punctuation
marks, layout, color but speakers cannot use those rather they use tone,
volume, intonation. Written text is different from the spoken in many ways
because writers have much time to think and write, but the speakers don’t. Text
1 and text 2 are the sample of written and spoken text which infer the
differences of both quite in a understandable manner. Though both texts have
much differences, writers and speakers don’t hesitate to choose any one of


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