The death to itself,” they were hinting that

The French Revolution, in 1789, was
the event that is accepted as the turning point which declared all people in
the country to be equal and moved the society from a hierarchy to the modernity.

Outcomes of the French Revolution included the establishment of a new capitalist
society and new classes such as the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The
bourgeoisie were people who owned factories and the machines which created
commodity. They replaced the aristocracy with the establishment of new classes
and conditions of oppression and struggle. The proletariat became the majority,
but only had their own physical labored bodies to trade in order to survive. The
bourgeoisie hired the proletariat to work in their factories, once again repeating
class struggles between the oppressor and the oppressed.

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Although the capitalists created a means
of production, they were unable to control it as capitalism itself is unstable
due to the constant demand to open up new markets and to produce better
products. If a bourgeoisie was unable to meet these demands, he would
ultimately become a proletariat himself. When Marx and Engels write that the
bourgeoisie “forged the weapons to bring death to itself,” they were hinting
that the productive forces of capitalism could eventually turn against the
bourgeoisie. The “weapons” Marx and Engels refer to were the machines in which
the bourgeoisie owned. These were the same machines that helped lead the end of
feudalism, but could also be the cause for the end of the bourgeoisie as well. The
relation between the proletariat and those “weapons” was because the
proletariat were the ones working the machines, allowing them to be able to
wield the “weapons.” However, a significant relation between the proletariat
and their “weapons,” can be understood once the proletariat realize they were
their own class. Class struggle has always occurred, but those oppressed may
not always be aware of their oppression. The realization would cause a change in
the social structure as the proletariat discovered the ways in which they were
exploited not only through labor, but also through political means as well. As
Marx has stated, the breaking point would lead to either a reconstruction of
society or the ruin of the contending class.

            The 2nd
passage relates to the 1st passage as it juxtaposes Marx and Engels idea
that capitalism would result in a breaking point amongst the class struggle that
would drive society to either enter the Dark Ages once again or reconstruct itself
into the Communist society, ultimately the inevitable dissolution of the
bourgeoisie. Marx and Engels conclude by arguing the bourgeoisie produce their
own “grave-diggers” since the bourgeoisie hired the proletariat to work the
machines but could not produce anything themselves. While the proletariat were
able to produce products using the machines, the product being the “weapon”
Marx and Engels write about. This suggest that since the “weapons” could be
used to overthrow the bourgeoisie, the bourgeoisie produced their own “grave-diggers”
by giving the proletariat power over the “weapons.” Within the 2nd
passage, Marx and Engels state that the bourgeoisie produced their own
grave-diggers which resulted in the “victory of the proletariat.” The inequality
between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat increased and so did the tension. As
capitalism feeds off of instability, the breaking point was bound to occur at
some point. When the proletariat revolted they fought for human rights, transforming
the capitalist society into a Communist society.  


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