Table that these supports would be gradually phased

Table
18 shows the number of charging points in the UK from 2012 to 2016.

Table 18. Number of charging
points in the UK (2012-2016) 19

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Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers 1

2804

5515

7431

8716

10736

Publicly accessible fast charger s2

36

176

481

1121

1523

Total

2840

5691

7912

9837

12259

 

As of March 2017, there are currently 13
operational HRSs in the UK, while some are
reserved for University or research purposes 49.

Two types of FCVs are available for purchase in the UK: Hyundai ix35 FCV and Toyota Mirai. Toyota UK announced that 28 Mirai vehicles had been registered in the UK as of March 2017
since its launch in 2016 49. Table 19 shows BEV and PHEV stock in the UK from 2012
to 2016.

Table 19. BEV and PHEV
stock in the UK (2012-2016) 19

Year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

5.59 (82% BEV, 18% PHEV)

2013

9.34 (78% BEV, 22% PHEV)

2014

24.08 (58% BEV, 42% PHEV)

2015

48.51 (43% BEV, 57% PHEV)

2016

86.42(36% BEV, 74% PHEV)

 

UK’s EV
cumulative sales target by 2020 is 0.5 million EVs 22.
The UK has no target for the number of
FCVs sold 50.

Norway

Norway
alongside Denmark are the two countries in the world with the highest new car
purchase taxes 9.  Generally,
incentives in Norway for supporting the deployment of EVs are stronger
than incentives in countries such as France, Japan,
and the USA 9 which led to Norway
having the highest electric car penetration among all countries 19.

FCV purchases in
Norway are exempt from purchase tax (which
can be as high as 100 % for petrol cars) and also zero value added tax (valued to 25 %) 51.
FCV owners can also enjoy low annual road-tax (10 % of normal value), free
public parking, access to bus/taxi-lanes and free passing through toll-roads 51.
The same incentives are also available for BEVs 19.
However, the Government and regional politicians have started to reduce the
benefits for BEVs and warned that these
supports would be gradually phased out 51.

Development of HRSs in Norway has benefited from government support. The HyNor
project in Norway was a joint industry initiative to demonstrate the real-life
implementation of a hydrogen energy infrastructure across Norway 52. This
project was a public-private partnership 53. Norway
also provides public funding for deployment of fast-charging stations every 50
km (on average) on main roads and at the same time contributes to deployment
incentives for public chargers 19.

As of October 2017, there are 6 HRSs in Norway 54. Table
20 shows the number of accessible slow and fast
chargers in Norway.

Table 20. Number of accessible
chargers in Norway 19

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers

3688

4511

5185

5289

7105

Publicly accessible fast chargers

58

144

249

698

1052

Total

3746

4655

5434

5987

8157

 

As of October 2017, there are about 80 FCVs in
Norway 54. Table
21
shows BEV and PHEV stock in Norway from 2012 to 2016.

Table 21. BEV and PHEV stock in Norway (2012-2016) 19

Year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

9.89 (97% BEV, 3%
PHEV)

2013

20.37 (97% BEV, 3% PHEV)

2014

44.21 (95% BEV, 5% PHEV)

2015

84.18 (86% BEV, 14% PHEV)

2016

133.26 (74% BEV, 26% PHEV)

 

Uno-X Hydrogen
has the target to build 20 hydrogen refueling stations in Norway by 2020
through H2-20 project 55.
In Norway, there are also regional
targets for the number of FCVs and HRSs. Oslo-Akershus region targets to have
at least 350 FCVs by the end of 2018. By 2025 the region is also targeting to
have a sufficiently established HRS network which forms a basis for a national
and Nordic infrastructure for FCVs. The target for the number of FCVs will be over 10,000 56.
Norway’s target for the number of EVs is
50,000 by 2018 22.

1
Slow chargers include AC Level 2 chargers (> 3.7 kW and ? 22 kW) 19

2
Fast chargers include AC 43 kW chargers, DC chargers, Tesla Superchargers and
inductive chargers 19

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