Table 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 447.0 Gujarat State

Table 22: District Wise Livestock Population in Gujarat (‘000 Number)S. No. District Indigenous cow Crossbred Cow Buffalo Sheep Goat Pigs Horses & Ponies Donkey Camel Total Livestock1 Ahmedabad 230.7 17.4 394.2 16.6 144.0 1.1 1.3 1.6 0.8 807.72 Amreli 312.3 5.4 240.1 103.5 135.9 0.0 1.3 0.4 0.0 799.03 Anand 107.3 104.0 485.6 5.0 70.3 0.0 0.2 5.0 0.8 778.24 Banaskantha 572.2 382.8 1171.8 115.8 295.5 0.0 1.0 1.5 4.2 2544.85 Bharuch 99.9 26.2 132.5 3.2 133.5 0.3 0.8 1.3 0.6 398.46 Bhavnagar 404.8 10.5 395.4 174.7 207.4 0.0 1.7 0.7 0.4 1195.57 Dahod 686.6 5.3 362.0 5.0 679.1 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 1739.88 Gandhinagar 71.5 89.6 331.4 14.2 74.1 0.0 0.2 0.8 1.1 583.09 Jamnagar 368.0 1.3 299.3 212.6 176.1 0.2 0.8 0.7 2.0 1061.010 Junagadh 489.4 25.4 460.3 40.7 126.8 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.8 1144.611 Kachchh 575.8 5.1 374.4 570.7 396.5 0.4 2.1 3.3 8.0 1936.112 Kheda 179.7 120.8 757.8 22.2 134.2 0.0 0.3 6.7 1.6 1223.313 Mahesana 121.7 161.2 538.3 12.5 102.7 0.0 0.9 1.7 4.7 943.814 Narmada 170.4 4.6 79.8 0.4 81.6 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 337.115 Navsari 51.8 180.9 115.0 2.1 84.5 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 435.116 Panchmahal 577.8 95.7 733.5 2.2 597.5 0.0 0.2 2.0 0.1 2009.017 Patan 116.2 14.1 372.4 37.7 80.3 0.0 0.7 1.6 2.7 625.718 Porbandar 80.5 0.5 145.0 22.4 18.8 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 268.119 Rajkot 544.0 30.4 431.9 196.2 172.4 0.0 1.4 0.7 0.3 1377.320 Sabarkantha 442.1 265.9 736.5 61.9 333.2 0.1 0.6 3.2 1.6 1845.221 Surat 150.4 139.0 300.3 1.7 150.5 0.6 1.1 0.8 0.1 744.422 Surendranagar 414.6 3.3 379.2 77.3 157.6 0.0 1.8 0.7 0.2 1034.723 Tapi 122.6 112.4 172.4 0.1 92.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 499.724 The Dang 68.2 10.0 24.8 0.0 29.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 133.025 Vadodara 472.6 29.8 500.2 5.3 361.9 0.5 0.5 3.3 0.1 1374.226 Valsad 159.0 85.2 76.3 3.9 122.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 447.0         Gujarat State 7590.2 1926.7 10010.2 1707.8 4959.0 4.3 18.3 38.8 30.4 26285.8(Source: Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, GOI) Sources of green fodder are cultivated forage or fodder crop as well as pasture land. The farmers cultivate fodder crops in the agricultural land. It means the fodder crops and other agricultural crops are competing crops. Hence, farmers decide the area to be used for cultivating fodder and for food crops as well as other non-food crops depending on the anticipated income. Livestock particularly the indigenous cattle, sheep and goat are sent for grazing in the available pasture land. The area under fodder crop as well as pasture land in Gujarat has remained more or less stable with each occupying 850 thousand hectares. This is contrary to the national trend where the area under fodder crop cultivation has shown variations over the year. The pasture land in India is declining but very slowly. (Source: Author’s calculation using data from DAHD, GOI)Figure 12: Trend in Area Under Fodder Crop and Pasture LandRegion wise analysis reveals that North Gujarat has maximum area under fodder crop. Dairy animal number as well as milk production in this region could have led to increase in the area under fodder crop. South Gujarat is having lowest area under fodder crop among all the regions. But the green fodder is satisfactorily available in the region. The sugarcane top used as fodder gives good advantage to the region. The district wise area under fodder can be seen in Figure 13.