Roads – is an important factor to Mexico’s
economy. It relies on a system of 370,000 km of roads which connects the
country from north to south with their freeways, highways, roads and trails
that permit access to almost all places of the country.
The road system contains 50,000 km of road of
national authority which nearly 9,000 are toll roads, as well as about 80,000
km of national highways, 170,000 km of country roads and little more 70,000 km
improved gaps. (see appendix for a map)
Airport – Mexican airport system contains of
85 airports and 1,385 airfields.
34 facilities are administered by
concession-holders. The government – owned Airports and Secondary Services,
which also functions as numerous fuel depots throughout the country, manages or
partially runs 26 airports, while 26 additional airport facilities are run by
the Ministry of Defense, the navy and community authorities. (see appendix for
Seaport – Mexico’s shoreline is opened to
both the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans, it is at the focus of trade routes worldwide.
Mexican ports have gone through a development of modernizing that allowed them
to significantly increase their cargo transportation.
There are 117 kinds of port facilities and
vocations, which includes the harbor, oil, commercial, tourism, fisheries,
military and national safety purposes. The common shipping is commercial and
oil, Mexico creates a growing activity out of the international exchange of goods
and merchandise with practically every country. (see appendix for a map)
Telecommunication – The telecommunications business
is mostly dominated by Telmex (Teléfonos de México) and América Móvil. Telmex
has diversified its operations by assimilating Internet service and mobile phones.
Their operations have extended to Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil,
Uruguay, Ecuador and the United States. (see appendix for a map)
According to the 2nd Pillar Infrastructure,
Index ranking indicator Mexico is ranked 62 in 2017, 57 in 2017 and 59 in 2015
Mexico has revamped their infrastructure to
appeal to businesses to start up their manufacturing operations across the
country. Though the electronics, aerospace and motorized industries succeeds in
the nation, the information technology segment is quickly developing as well.
A chunk of Mexico’s push, is through ensuring
that its people are well educated. With numerous products being mass-produced
in Mexico, a high level of technological skill is required, it is important to have
the necessary skills that allows foreign businesses the assurance to consider
Mexico a destination to set up operations.
This is especially true for IT industries in
Mexico that need not only a extremely capable workforce, but also staffs to be accustomed
with the ever-changing worldwide of information technology. There are 600,000
people or more in Mexico that has IT jobs due to the 65,000 yearly graduates
from the nation’s engineering and technical institutes. There are 2,000 IT corporations
doing business in Mexico.
Mexico’s dedication to education has become
the reason for their quick development in the IT sector in the country.
Despite the distinguished growth, the IT
sector in Mexico is still secondary to manufacturing. As companies continue to
view the country as an ideal location for manufacturing rather than for their
IT services. Education has the most importance, and the government has
understood that in order to become competitive in the global marketplace,
technical ability is becoming a requirement.
Skill level of workforce
Expanding to Mexico has been a focus for many
manufacturing companies. Due to the North American Free Trade Agreement and
more than 40 countries has made deals with Mexico which allows production
materials and finished goods to enter in and out of the country, tariff free.
Also, the Government made it easy for companies to enter and either build their
own factory or operate through an offshore shelter.
One of the biggest benefits for companies
operating in Mexico is, that Mexico offer highly skilled and technically
proficient workforce. Mexico used to be a country that produced T-shirts and
jeans and shoes, however, now it’s a country that produces cars and airplanes.
China used to be the first destination of
choice for companies looking to capitalize on low-cost, high-quality
manufacturing in a foreign land. However, over the last few years, China has
begun to lose its grip as Mexico aggressively positions itself to be the first
choice for foreign companies looking for an offshoring home.
Nissan is one of the many recognizable auto
manufacturers that has a presence in Mexico and is currently in the process of
expanding its operations in the country. Customer Experience Report wrote that
as much as $10 billion is being invested by automakers to improve Mexico’s
overall vehicle production infrastructure. Audi is also in the process of
constructing a $1.3 billion factory to produce its vehicles in San Jose Chiapa.
This underscores how pleased these
organizations have become with the ability of the labor force in Mexico to
produce finished goods that are of exceptional quality on a consistent basis.
According to the 5th pillar Higher education
and training, Mexico is rank 80 in 2017, 82 in 2016 and 86 in 2015.
According to the 9th pillar Technological
Readiness ranking indicator Mexico is ranked 71 out of 137 in 2017, 73 out of
138 countries in 2016 and 73 out of 140 countries in 2015. Mexico’s technological
readiness is around average capered to the overall GCI which 1-7 and 7 being
the best among other countries.