Pygmalion he did not earn enough money. From

Pygmalion between Ambition and Identity

1. The writer life (George Bernard Show)

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1.1 His life:

George Bernard Show is a one the famous
writer 19th century, born in Dublin in 1856. His father (George Carr
Show) and his mother (Lucinda Gurley Show). He is the youngest child and only
son of his family. In his first early life, live in Irish with his family,
before that he lived in Hampshire. His family were faith in Protestant
Ascendancy in Ireland
but he rejected it and he faith in Christian. His father was employment at the
law courts then a grain merchant. His mother was a daughter of Irish gentleman and she
lived in art world she was opera singer. His education was normal but he did
not love the school and look at the waste of here time.

In fifteen age became interest in art and
he went to the Irish National Gallery to study the composers such as Goethe and
Moliere then became study the opera and the origin of it. In that age his
mother was left him with his father and went to London with his sisters. His
father begin lost his job and he was habitual drinker. His first at fifteen he work as clerk in Dublin
estate agent’s office for four years. Then he became a cashier. In 1876 he
joined to his mother in London. He started wrote in journalism for ten years
but he did not earn enough money. From 1879 to 1882 he wrote four novels. The
first one (Immaturity), It is talk about marriage and the problem of marriage.
The second was (The Irrational Knot) then (Love among the Artists) last one
(Cashel Byron’s Profession). These was the first books published.  After that he one of the greatest novelist
and dramatist forever and win two international awards.

The main year in Show life when he joined
to Fabian Society in 1882 and became one of them. He discovered new ideas about
everything’s by Henry George, who the changed the whole life of Show; Show said
about him (changed the whole current of my life). After that he began to study
Socialism and Economics and he read Marx’s Das Capital, then he leaded
socialists and idealists, he was the founded socialists journal (Today)  which agreed (Cashel Byron’s Profession).
Then he met Sidney and he said about him: “Sidney Webb was of more use
to me than any other man whom I have ever met”, then he became a
public speaker on platform and street corners, where his tall figure, red
bread, clear and self-assured mind and abounding detailed knowledge, mastered
his audiences. (See: Pygmalion .Dr. Raghkul Tilak p.2).

In 1890, He had a huge knowledge of
contemporary economic matters, and he was co-operative efforts of realistic
thinkers, he effort by Samuel Butler writings and he these writing the escape
of Darwinian Theory. He support the woman and the place of woman in the society
and this appears in his works. Shaw was very clever and study all these by his

Show was a dramatist. In 1898. Shaw
published his first collection of plays, called Play Pleasant and Unpleasant.
Two of them consider a bomb in literary world. They show the new born of genius
had appeared on the dramatic world. The main purpose is to shaking people and
change they beliefs.  The new dramatist
was exploiting with unusual effect the medium of drama for shattering a number
of social, economic and political doctrines. See: Pygmalion .Dr. Raghkul
Tilak p.3). Shaw was combination between the artist and the preacher. After
three years in 1901 he published three plays for puritans. In 1903 he published
Man and superman then he had a high place as a dramatist, it make a huge
success in New York and England. After this play he wrote anther play in 1904
called (Bull’s Other Island), which shows how an Irishman looks at England.

In 1925 he won a noble prize for (Saint
Joan), it is a play about life of Joan of Arc. Before that, he won Oscar prize
for (Pygmalion). Shaw wrote more than 60 play through his life he was novelist,
dramatist, critics, intellectual and satirist, He married in 1898 with
Charlotte Payne-Townshend. Since Shaw’s death scholarly and critical opinion has varied about his
works, but he has regularly been rated as second only to Shakespeare among
British dramatists; analysts recognize his extensive influence on generations
of English-language playwrights. The word “Shavian” has entered the
language as encapsulating Shaw’s ideas and his means of expressing them.

He lived from 1856 to 1950, he live for
half century and this years he wrote 60 plays were change the people and he had
two international prizes. He died in St. Lawrence, Hearts, in November 1950 in
his home.       

Summary and Critical Study of Pygmalion

Pygmalion is a romance in five acts. It
related with a myth called Pygmalion. This play argued a many problems of
society like the classes of society, the respect for poor peoples, the dream to
be e respect human in society, the high place of English Language and other
issues of American society in that time. Pygmalion is a story about the young
girl search about herself through sick society. Moreover,   how that girl changes from a poor and talks
disgusting English language to a girl acts and speak like a duchess.

The title of a piece of literature must be apt, suggestive and
attractive It must directly appeal to the attention of the readers and likewise
point out its theme. Like a just right signboard it will have to advice, what
the readers must anticipate .To get in the play. Pygmalion has all of the
essentials of an excellent title, as would become clear, if we compare the
query in some element.

The Pygmalion-Legend

In Greek mythology, Pygmalion was once a king of Cyprus who fell in
love with a statue of Aphrodite. But Ovid, the Roman poet (43 B.C.-A.D. 18),
invents a more sophisticated version in his Metamorphoses. In line with him,
‘Pygmalion was a sculptor; a worker in marble, bronze, and ivory. He was
exclusively dedicated to his art. He had a photo of beauty in his intellect and
no lady might come as much as it on the planet. He, hence, labored over his
statue from morning to evening looking for a loveliness beyond his powers of
expression. In fact, the statues of Pygmalion had been continually a long way
extra wonderful than real human beings, and every statue was extra virtually
ultimate than the final. Still in each new statue, Pygmalion felt something
missing. While his admirers stood entranced earlier than his statues, he in no
way cared to seem on them, but used to be completely heatedly absorbed in his
next strive. Eventually, in his quest for best
magnificence, he started to work on an ivory statue of a woman who convinced
him in every approach. Even before this statue was once finished, he would lay
the chisel and stare at his work for an hour or so, tracing in his intellect
the wonder that had yet handiest partly unfolded itself. By the point, the
ivory statue used to be completed, Pygmalion might think of nothing else. In
his very desires, the lady in the statue haunted him and appeared to wake up
for him and are available alive. The mere contemplation of the completed statue
filled him with excellent pleasure. He would take a seat looking at at the
maiden, whom he had given the identify Galatea. Largely he imagined that he saw
her move and requested himself what a joy it could be if she were definitely
dwelling. On this obsession. With the beauty of his dreams, Pygmalion wore out
and became light and exhausted. After long labour and
cautious sufferer working, the statue was surely completed. The legend has it
that half of the night Pygmalion gazed on the wonderful photograph: then with a
hopeless sigh, he went to bed, haunted as ever via his dreams. Then got here
the day of the pageant of Aphrodite, the goddess of magnificence. .Pygmalion
had continuously felt a targeted devotion for this goddess when you consider
that he, by way of his very nature, used to be seeker after magnificence. He
had, for that reason, in no way failed to provide Aphrodite the respect that
was because of her. To put it more truly, he had lived all his lifestyles
within the worship of the goddess. As customized had it, the devotees of
Aphrodite offered her many extremely good gifts? This time when Pygmalion
approached the altar, he prayed earnestly and noticed the fire that burned
there leap unexpectedly in flame. This excitement stirred him and he come again
to his statue though without knowing as to what he would stumble upon on his
return. His Galatea was once as he had left her. He checked out her longingly
over again, and as on several former events, he appeared to see her transfer.
On a sudden impulse, he approached Galatea and held her in his hands. Certainly, with the aid of the animating grace of
Aphrodite, the goddess of magnificence, the statue was relatively relocating.
He felt the difficult ivory develop delicate and heat like wax in his clasp. He
saw the lips develop purple and the cheeks blush faintly pink. Then Galatea
Opened her eyes and looked at Pygmalion. The red lips parted reasonably and as
their creator kissed them, they pressed in opposition to his own. Pygmalion’s
dream became a excellent fact, when Galatea stepped down from her pedestal into
his hands as a flesh and blood lady. In path of time, the had been fortunately
married. Day after today Pygmalion went with his ladylove Galatea to wish at
Aphrodite’s shrine. The beloved thanked the goddess for the reward of love, the
lover expressed gratitude that his dreams and prayers had been utterly answered
and his lifelong devotion to the goddess of beauty had been rewarded in a most
befitting method.

The Cinderella Fairy story

Bernard Shaw has combined the Pygmalion fantasy with the Cinderella
fairy tale. After the death of his spouse, a wealthy merchant married a girl with
two reasonable but evil daughters. The child of the first marriage was once set
it do all of the work and to sleep among the ashes. Someday the king gave a
grand ball. The stepsister dressed and spark off, however Cinderella was left
behind weeping. However, a white hen brought her a beautiful gown and
Cinderella went to the ball the place she without delay gained the prince’s
coronary heart. As she rushed again to her home, she dropped her slipper and
the prince toe vowed he would wed the maid who owned it. One stepsister reduce
off her toe, the other her heel to make it fit, however the prince used to be
now not deceived. And he eventually married Cinderella.

Summary of Pygmalion

On a summer season night in London’s Covent backyard, a gaggle of
assorted persons are gathered collectively under the portico of St. Paul’s
Church for security from the rain. Among the workforce are Mrs. Eynsford-Hill
and her daughter, Clara, who are ready for the son, Freddy, to come back with a
cab. When he returns in failure, he is again sent in search of a cab. As he
leaves, he collides with a younger flower lady with a thick Cockney accent, and
he ruins a lot of her flowers. After he is gone, the mummy is keen on how any
such “low” creature might comprehend her son’s title; she discovers
that the flower girl calls every person either “Freddy” or
“Charlie.” When an aged gentleman comes into the refuge, the flower
woman notes his amazing appearance and tries to coax him to purchase some
plants. This gentleman, Colonel Pickering, refuses to purchase the flowers, but
he gives the girl some money. Individuals of the gang warn the lady in
opposition to taking the cash when you consider that there is a man behind her
taking notes of everything she says. When the flower girl (Eliza) loudly
broadcasts that “i am a just right girl, i’m,” the bystanders begin
to protest. The observe taker, it turns out, is Professor Henry Higgins, an
proficient in phonetics. His interest is deciding upon each person’s accent and
location of birth. He even maintains that he might take this
“ragamuffin” of a flower woman and educate her to speak like a
duchess in three months. Right now, the elder gentleman identifies himself as
Colonel Pickering, the writer of a booklet on Sanskrit, who has come to meet
the famous Henry Higgins, to whom he’s now talking. The two go off to speak
about their mutual curiosity in phonetics.

The next morning at Professor Higgins’ house, the two guys are
discussing Higgins’ experiments when the flower woman is introduced by means of
Mrs. Pearce, Higgins’ housekeeper. The girl, Eliza Doolittle, remembers that
Higgins bragged about being able to coach her to converse like a duchess, and
she or he has come to take lessons in order that she can get a role in a flower
store. Pickering makes a wager with Higgins, who, in the spirit of fine
activity, decides to take the wager: he orders Mrs. Pearce to take the girl
away, scrub her, and burn her clothes. He overcomes all of Eliza’s objections,
and Eliza is taken away. At the moment, Eliza’s father appears with the
intention of blackmailing Higgins, however he’s so intimidated by Higgins that
he finally ends up inquiring for five pounds on the grounds that he is without
doubt one of the “not worthy terrible.” Higgins is so joyful with the
historical fellow’s audacity and his particular view of morality that he gives
him the five kilos and it is right away rid of him.

Sometime later, Higgins brings Eliza to his mother’s apartment in
the course of her “receiving day.” Freddy Eynsford-Hill and his
mother and sister Clara are additionally gift. These turn out to be the
identical folks whom we noticed beneath the portico within the first act. Now,
nevertheless, none of the visitors appreciate that Eliza is the
“ragamuffin” flower girl of that nighttime. All people is amused with
the pedantic correctness of her speech and are even more impressed with Eliza’s
narration of her aunt’s dying, advised in perfect English, however informed
with lurid and shocking details. After Eliza’s departure, Mrs. Higgins features
out that the girl is a long way from being competent to be offered in public.

Sometime later, Higgins, Pickering, and Eliza return late in the
night. The guys are delighted with the great success they’ve had that day in
passing off Eliza as a first-rate duchess at an ambassador’s backyard occasion.
They are so totally proud that they utterly ignore Eliza and her contribution
to the success of the “experiment.” Infuriated, Eliza eventually
throws a slipper at Higgins, most effective to be informed that she is being
unreasonable. Eliza is worried with what will occur to her now that the
experiment is over: Is she to be tossed again into the gutter; what is her future
place? Higgins cannot see that this can be a problem, and after telling her
that the entire garments that she has been carrying belong to her, he retires
for the evening.


The following day, Higgins arrives at his mom’s residence fully
baffled that Eliza has disappeared. He has telephoned the police and is then
amazed to be trained that Eliza is upstairs. While waiting for Eliza, Mr.
Doolittle enters and he accuses Higgins of ruining him because Higgins advised
a wealthy man that Doolittle was England’s most normal moralist, and,
therefore, the man left an enormous sum of money in trust for Doolittle to
lecture on moral reforms. He has thus been pressured into center-type morality,
and he and his common-regulation spouse are miserable. He has come to invite
Eliza to his wedding, one other concession to dreadful middle-category morality.

Eliza enters and consents to come to her father’s marriage
ceremony. As they, all prepare to go away; Higgins restrains Eliza and tries to
get her to come back to his condo. He maintains that he treats everybody with
whole equality. To him, he makes no social difference between the way he would
treat a flower lady or a duchess. Eliza is decided to have recognize and
independence, and consequently she refuses to come back to Higgins’ apartment.
Higgins then admits that he misses her and admires her newfound independence.
He additional keeps that she must return, and the three of them will reside
equally, as “three bachelors.” Eliza, however, feels otherwise, and
she leaves with Mrs. Higgins to attend her father’s wedding.



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