New a yearly basis. The whole system is

New Residential Building Technologies
as a Modern Standard of LivingThese
days we live in a very modern society. In the Society where every day something
new happens. The scientific revolution of the 20th century gave us a powerful
impetus to the developmental change of all sides of our life. We launch rockets
into space, build underground tunnels for trains, create computer networks the
size of a neural grid of the human brain, explore quantum mechanics processes
at the sub micro level, electronic components get more progressive almost every
year, but at the same time, such significant aspect of our life as the housing remains
almost unchanged. What kind of solutions might be workable and what are the
obstacles in the approach of bringing new technologies into the house building field
will be covered in this paper.Interest to
conserve energy was not popular in the United Stated for many years; however,
things are changing and today more and more people started thinking how to improve
it. Fortunately, while we were living carelessly, Europeans, buying energy at
very expensive prices, have already developed all the technology, have carried all
the necessary research out, and are ready to share it. What we need is to
change our attitude, make it our new national idea and bring it to the masses. Passive building is a set of design and building rules used to get
a significant level of energy efficiency within a specific comfort level in
accordance with these building-science principles: 
Extra insulation without thermal
bridging.
The site’s airtightness, blocking
infiltration of outside air and loss of conditioned air.
High-performance windows and
doors.
Usage of continuous heat
recovery ventilation and conditioning system. 
Presence of a thermal mass
object inside of the building such as slab on grade or massive brick wall
that can accumulate and radiate heat or coolness.
The
orientation of the home on its building site and the selection and placement
of the windows allows the house to get full advantage of free solar heat
and light
The
principles can be applied to all building and offer the best path to Net-Zero and Net-Positive houses
by minimizing the load that renewables are required to provide. To get a
Net-Zero energy house we need to reduce energy consumption to minimum by using
energy star appliances and LED lamps, while major component is a renewable energy
system. By making proper calculation on the design stage, a house is made to
produce as much energy as it consumes on a yearly basis. The whole system is
not necessary autonomous as it can be connected to the grid so that it supplies
excessive electricity into it and get it back when production is low. What
matters in this case is the annual production consumption ratio. If from the
grid consumption is zero then a house can be called a net-zero and if it
produces more than it needs then a house can be called Net-Positive; that means
that electricity can get paid back by the grid operator.Imagine never having
to pay a utility bill for your house. Wouldn’t that be great? Run the heat in
the winter and the AC in the summer and watch the electricity meter run
backwards. Reduce your environmental footprint and design a house that relies
on its placement on your property, the architecture of the house, and
technology to make your house a zero energy building. By definition, your home
is a net zero energy building (NZEB) if the annual energy usage of the home is
about equal to the renewable energy created by the building. Sounds simple,
doesn’t it?How do you Design a Net Zero House?Designing a Net Zero
home is a very difficult task. You must examine all the potential items that
will use energy and find the most efficient models. For Net Zero homes, the
first priority for the architect is all about energy. Energy conservation,
creation, and consumption become the heart of every decision. Unfortunately, in
this scenario, the people that live in the home are, at best, are a secondary
concern.The most efficient
refrigerator may not be the most attractive or functional for the family who will
live in the house. Net zero house architecture is also focused on insulation
and air infiltration also known as how air tight is the home. When a house is
air-tight, there’s no exchange of air between outside the building envelope and
inside. The home then needs to be mechanically vented requiring additional,
energy consuming equipment. You must also eliminate any obvious holes in the
home, including fireplaces–a chimney is essentially a hole in the insulation
envelope of the home. You will also need to orient your home so that most of
the windows face south or east, with only a few windows facing west and no
windows facing north. Unless you have a very large property and have the
ability to choose the exact house placement, this can be hard to achieve. Plus,
what if the best view on the property faces north? You must also look at how to
create, capture, and store energy. Think about solar panels all over the roofs,
windmills, natural energy sources including hydropower and geothermal. The list
goes on and on. Designing a Net-Zero
home is not easy, but it is a great goal, and it can be done. There will be
hard choices to make. At times, the choices will be between what enhances the
enjoyment of the home of the occupants and net zero. At times, the choices will
seem totally at odds. This is why you have to set a priority and find a
balance. 2e Architects has worked with clients in the Baltimore area who want a
net zero house. Our philosophy has been that the priority must always be on the
occupants first and then we add in energy efficiency at every single
opportunity, but we strive to create a balance.

We focus on the vistas
and letting the natural setting of the home dictate the architectural decisions
we make. We won’t sacrifice a breathtaking north facing view by not putting any
windows on that side of the house. We look for smart technology like geothermal
to heat and cool the house. We’ll utilize solar panels, but instead of placing
them on the main structure, if the property has outbuildings, we’ll place the
solar panels in more discreet locations. We’ll work to orient the house on the
property so that in the winter when the leaves have fallen off the trees the
house benefits from the solar warming, but in the summer when the trees are
full of leaves, it is shaded. We’ll incorporate natural building materials that
are both beautiful and functional. We’ll create a water retention system that
captures rainfall and a system for grey water for second use. We’ll look for
smart ways to handle air exchange and make sure the home doesn’t feel like a
closed in, hermetically sealed box.

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