Mesopotamia near a river. Egypt is located along

Mesopotamia
and Egypt share several similarities starting with their location as they are
both located near a river. Egypt is located along the Nile River in northern
Africa, while Mesopotamia people (known as Sumerians) was located just
north-east of Egypt between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. Both
Egypt and Mesopotamia shared a government called a “theocracy” which means they
blended political outlooks with religious beliefs. Another similarity would
include the fact that they are both “polytheistic” which meant they both
worshipped more than one god. Although they were both polytheistic, they both
had different outlooks on the gods that they worshipped. In Mesopotamia, they
saw the gods as chaotic and unpredictable, this was due to how hectic nature
was in this area. Sumerians believed the gods were beings with extraordinary
power who had to be kept happy by the people. So the Sumerians believed that
their lives needed to revolve around pleasing their gods. On the other hand,
Egypt was much less chaotic when it came to natural disasters so Egyptians saw
the gods as understanding and kind.

Both
Egypt and Mesopotamia were ruled by kings. The kings of Egypt were called
“pharaohs”. The pharaohs of Egypt claimed to be actual embodiments of gods
while Sumerian kings were seen more along the lines of messengers of the gods. Both
Egyptians and Sumerians had religious temples to worship the gods. Sumerians
had buildings called “ziggurats”. Ziggurats were rectangular stepped towers
that sometimes had a tower placed on the top, Egyptians used ordinary
structures, reminiscent of regular houses, where they held rituals to please
their gods.

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Sumerians
and Egyptians both had their own writing systems, Egyptians used symbols called
“hieroglyphics” while Sumerians used “cuneiform”. Cuneiform was a wedge-shaped
style of writing that was written by using a stylus to cut into soft clay to
make word signs or pictographs. Hieroglyphics were more along the lines of
symbols instead of dashes like cuneiform. Hieroglyphics were mostly used to
keep records and writing religious documents. 

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