(M1) This coordination facilitates the creation of additional

(M1) Explain the benefits of using
automated techniques for the manufacture of an electronic circuit

advantages of the use of lighting techniques to produce electronic circuits is
that some of the machines in the SMT program used under appropriate to create a
video image on the plan design. This allows PCB to minimize the risk of
redevelopment of this project by combining design errors such as unimportant
symbols, signs of defects, etc. before the start of the conference process.

Hand-assembling a PCB can be extremely
difficult; not only are electronic components and boards getting smaller, but
every part must be perfectly soldered.  With shorter development cycles,
engineers usually do not have time to “learn from their mistakes.” The
machine-assembled machine is closely related to any part of the production,
which may eliminate the changes that may arise from the function. This
coordination facilitates the creation of additional PCB documentation if ever

You do not need professional and electronic
engineers if you want to invest in. There are no verbal and unmanaged search
operations. SMT machines combine the creation of a quality and affordable
architecture that can quickly and efficiently work, warehouse search and search
brush reduce the likelihood of future problems.

The investment allowance varies from day to
day, depending on the complexity of the Commission. Facilitate formatting
coordination service not only to give you resolution of mind so you know that
your board will be returned in serious condition but schedule your schedule in
other design and production areas. Many steps can be taken when compared to
production time and money.

Task 2

sided PCB is the basic simple PCB, parts is layout on one side and the circuit
is on the other side. As there is only layer conductor, it is called single
sided PCB. It is restricted in the circuit design, so it is more frequently
used in the early printed circuits PCB.

sided PCB diagram mainly use network printing. That is to print resist on the
bare copper, etch and then print solder mask, finally punching to finish parts
plated hole and profile.

PCB is as the name implies, that is PCB boards with more than two layers, for
example, four layers, six layers, eight layers, etc. Since it is double-sided
multiple, then they have many common features with double layers PCB: more than
two layers conductive traces, separated by insulating material between the
layers, and the layer between the conductive traces must connected through
drilling, lamination as required.

advantage of multilayer circuit boards is with multi-layer conductive wire,
high density drilling, the volume will be relatively small, and the weight is
relatively light accordingly. The high-density line reduces the space of
components which means more reliable. As there are more layer’s circuits, it
will be flexible for PCB design / layout. And it plays the role of impedance
speed transmission circuit forming.

boards for printed circuits are the result of the development of electronic
technology to high speed, a lot of work, performance, and low. With the
continuous improvement of technology electronic, especially in applications
wider circulation wide range of integrated and complex, many needs on PCB with
a number of provisions of the line penalty, with blind and buried, high-tech –
high density, upgrading, high layer to meet market demand.

Task 4

Back Annotation is the process of putting delays
from a given source for the. cells in a netlist during netlist simulation.

Back annotation will
open an additional window with a set of options. This will put parasitic
resistors and capacitors in the new extracted view. The back-annotation functions are used to extract timing delays from
your post layout data. Back
annotation provides a facility to make changes in the PCB design to the net
names and component reference names, either manually or in the case of
component names automatically, and to then apply those changes back to the
master or original Schematic design.


Forward annotation is
the process of sending schematic changes to a corresponding PCB layout. NI
Multisim automates the process of forward annotation.

Forward annotation is
a critical step in the design cycle and is the main process to amend PCB
layouts with fixes to errors that were discovered through prototype testing. A
simple and easy-to-use procedure ensures that all updates to a schematic
are automatically realized in PCB layouts.


Design rule checking (DRC) is the area of
electronic design automation
that determines whether the physical layout of a chip layout satisfies a series
of recommended parameters called design

Design rules are a series of
parameters provided by semiconductor
manufacturers that enable
the designer to verify the correctness of a mask set.

Design rules are specific to a
semiconductor manufacturing process. A design rule set specifies certain geometric
and connectivity restrictions to ensure sufficient margins to account for
variability in semiconductor manufacturing processes, to ensure that most of
the parts work correctly.