In deal with these incidences is to identify

In a workplace/business, there are many ways to deal with
incidences that involve hazards, illness and risks. One of the ways to deal
with these incidences is to identify them in the engineering workplace. Then
when the hazard, illness or risk has been identified then there are counter
measures and control measures that are put into place so that business can still
work within a safe manner.

Methods used to identify the hazard, illness or risk can
vary when in different engineering backgrounds and situations. One of the most
common ways to identify a risk or hazard is to use a risk assessment. A risk
assessment is used to identify a hazard in a workplace and then what control
measures are used to reduce the risk of that hazard. Some types of these risk
assessment give the level of the risk. Other known methods on how to identify
methods are used to make their business/engineering work place safe are:

Baseline Hazard Survey. This is the survey
throughout a whole business/workplace that will evaluate the safety of all
departments of your business, form the work processes to the equipment and
facilities used. These surveys will provide you with the hazards in your
business, where they happen in the business and how much effect they have on
health and safety.

Job-Hazard Analysis. This is a type of analysis
that is used to identify, assess and control hazards that are associated with
certain jobs within an engineering background/workplace. This type of hazard
identification us broken down into steps when evaluating how safe a specific
job is. First of all you would evaluate the hazards that involved within the
certain job, then  identify a control
measure so that the hazard is reduced. These types of hazard identification are
used for jobs that are hard to get rid of in a workplace and are also used for
analysis of jobs that have has a history of near missed and injuries. However
this type of hazard identification takes a long time so this is not as time
effective as some other methods. This method takes so long as they need to see
an employee perform the job so that the assessor can see all possible ways
there is a danger to safety and when the hazards will occur and how severe they
will be.

Date Sheets to Identify Chemical Hazards. This
is the understanding of employees that work within your engineering workplace
can use and understand the safety sheets that are provided in the workplace.
These data sheets are used to provide the information’s of certain chemicals
that have effects on health and safety. This data sheet gives the information
on physical and chemical and the safe handling of these chemicals. If employees
handle these chemicals then they will understand the written hazard
communication plan.

Look for New Hazards When You Change Equipment,
Materials, and Work Processes. The identification of hazards when using new
equipment or work process, this involves identifying the new hazards that might
occur from the changes and how to eliminate or reduce the hazard. This process
need to happen at each site that has had new equipment or anything changed.

Identification of Root Causes of Hazards. Each
accident that happens in a workplace has a root cause, these root causes can
occur due to inadequate training or poor supervision etc. The root causes are
investigated to reduce the possibility of them happening again, and these
investigations must be done accurately. An example of this hazard
identification is to have a reporting system where the reports written by
employees and people that were involved to identify the root cause of the
incidence. Once this root cause is identified then there will be control
measures put into place to eliminate the cause. An example of a control measure
is to tell the employs what they need to avoid to stop the root cause.

Regular Workplace Inspections.  This is the process of the workplace having a
regular inspection to identify and possible hazards that may of occurred since
the last inspection. Also, this is the procedure that current control measures
for existing hazards are still implanted and working effectively. All
workplaces and engineering business need a regular inspection routine in place
that will be inspect every part of the business so that the employees and
people involved within a business are kept safe. Some business will have a
safety committee in place so that after every inspection they evaluate the
overall health and safety of the business.

Once the hazards have been identified
then are suitable control measures put into place so that the tasks in the
workplace can remain to be done in a safe manner. A risk assessment is also a
common use for the identification of control measures. These control measures
are normally identified after you have evaluated the risks that occur within
the workplace.  The evaluation will
determine the likelihood of the hazard harming someone that is involved in the
business or an employee. The principle of the control measure Is bases upon the
fact of if you cant get rid of hazard then the principle of controlling the
hazard so that it doesn’t cause any harm to someone within the business. Most
business follow the main steps when approaching control measures:

Seeing if there is an alternate option that has
a reduced risk.

Closing of all areas that may cause harm or
have a major hazard when possible

Reduce the exposure to hazards when possible so
the use of timetable and organising work periods.

Provided Personal Protective Equipment (Personal
Protective Equipment legislation)

Provided first aid equipment and other welfare
facilities in case an injury does happen.

Make sure all employees and people involved in
the workplace are aware of the hazards.

For similar activities and jobs then there most likely will
be a model risk assessment that will show you the common hazards that are
involved within that workplace/activity. These types of model risk assessments
can be issued by certain health and safety organisations/bodies and the
business can decide if they would like to implement the risk assessment. This
will depend on whether the risk assessment is suitable to that business type of
work or the business can adapt it so that it is relevant to the type of the
work that the business does.

Once you have established the control measures then you
would describe how they do prevent accidents from having within the workplace.
The principle of controlling hazards in the workplace has got a legislation,
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. This legislation is in place to
reduce the risk to health and safety when there is the use of hazardous
substances used in the business/workplace. This involves the prevention of
hazardous substances being exposed to employees and visitor within the
business. When a business starts they should take into account of using safer
substances that can replace hazardous ones. This legislation also recommends to
use less hazardous forms of material e.g. if a substance is safer in solid form
then it is recommended that the solid form is used in storage and if possible
in manufacturing/within the business. To follow this legislation you can use:

Using equipment to control the hazards

Controlling the way jobs are done, so therefore
changing work procedures to make it less hazardous where possible. Furthermore,
you could reduce exposure to the hazard and make sure equipment is maintained.

Make sure employees are following all the
control measures and behaving in a safe working manner.

Control equipment are one of the general ways to control
hazards, an example  this equipment can
be general ventilation, extraction systems are used but if not possible then
the business must provide respiratory protective equipment. Other example of
control equipment is spillage capture also providing Personal Protective

The ways of working in a business is controlled as well,
this is the operating procedures, training and supervision, furthermore it
involves the emergency procedures and maintenance of equipment. This requires testing
all the control that are in place and this should be done regularly so that the
hazard has no chance of causing any harm to an employee or someone involved
within the business. After each one of these maintenance checks you should keep
records of any work done such as repairs to equipment. This initially helps
identifying any repeating patterns and will also identify any root causes of

Last of all worker behaviour is an important part of the
COSHH legislation. This means when there are control measures put in place then
they must be followed to insure peoples safety and so that they are not exposed
to unnecessary hazards. Prime examples of employee control measures are:
wearing PPE when necessary and that it is full PPE, Following all the hygiene
Procedures, reporting any problems that have occurred to the supervisors and
using all the control equipment.

All of these Factors of the COSHH legislation are in place
to make sure that the workplace is hazard free and if there are hazards then that,
they are controlled.


In this task I will be talking about the associated risks
and hazards associated with a milling machine. I will be doing this by making a
risk assessment that shows the hazards, the level of the risk associated with
these hazards and the control measures in place to minimalize/neutralize these

Milling Machine Risk Assessment.

Potential Hazard

People Affected

Risk Level

Control Measures

Cuttings that have come
of the milled piece of material.

The employee using
the machine and people surrounding the machine


An emergency stop
button if the amount of debris is too much to so the person using the machine
will no longer be safe.
A guard that sits in
appropriate position so that most of the debris will hit the guard.
A vacuum that should
be provided to remove the cuttings from the work area, when the machine is
not in use.
Where PPE in case the
cuttings move in the direction of the operator.

Harm from the
rotating milling piece.

The employee using
the milling machine.


A plastic guard that
surrounds part of the rotating milling piece, so that there is less surface
area for the operator to touch.
An emergency stop
button so that the machine can be stopped if the operator gets caught in the
milling machine.
Only people that have
suitable training are allowed to use the milling machine and if they are not
trained then they must be supervised by someone who is.
A clamp used to hold
thee material down so that the operator doesn’t need to put his hand near the
rotating milling piece when the machine is in use.
Enough space provided
around the machine so that operator doesn’t get pushed or interfered with
whilst using the machine.

Flying pieces of the
milling machine, due to cutting to heavier materials.

People that situated
near the machine.


Warning signs that
show the weight limits for the milling machine.
Where PPE so if the
machine does break then PPE will reduce the injury that could be caused.
An emergency stop
button so if you can visually see the machine begin to fail then you can stop
the machine therefore neutralising the risk.
Only people trained
can use the machine and if they are aware of milling heavier pieces then the
process should be supervised.

Slip, trip and fall
Hazards in the Workplace.

Everyone who is
located within that work area. 


All debris is cleaned
up of the floor regularly and if there is a slip hazard then there should be
a sign provided so that there is minimal chance of anyone slipping.
Clean up the slip
hazard immediately.
If needed then use
moisture-absorbent mats so that all liquid slip hazards can be absorbed.

Manual handling of
heavy items such as vices and heavy pieces of material that needs to be

The person handling
the heavy object and surrounding people.


Don’t move the heavy
items unless necessary and if they are needed to move then make sure two
people move the item.
Wear the suitable
footwear so if you do drop the item/equipment then it will cause minimal

Accidental starting
of the milling machine.

The people that are
anywhere near the machine.


When the machine is
not being used then turn it off at the supply when possible so that its less
likely to accidentally turn the machine on.
An emergency button
so that if the machine is accidentally turned on then it can be stopped
Have a two step
system so that its harder to accidentally turn the milling machine on.

Sharp edges on cutters,
work pieces and swarf.

People handling the
cutters the work pieces and swarf.


Avoid handling the
Cutters, work pieces and swarf when possible and use Gloves accept from when
using the milling machine.
Keep the sharp edges
pointed away from the body when possible.
Make sure there is
enough space for you to move around safely when handling the cutters, work
pieces and swarf.