In be exploring and critiquing on the poor,

In this essay
will be discussing on the major concerns on health, how certain factors including;
gender, age and socioeconomic status effects health. How men and women are
affected mentally, physically and socially. There are so many facts and
statistics showing connections between lifestyle and health. Also looking at
different areas in education, wealth, income and poverty which class are
considered to have higher and lower risks in their health. In UK and other countries
many people are living in poor areas ant their health have been effected badly
as they cannot afford to buy resources, food and live in healthier way.(cite) In this essay will be exploring and
critiquing on the poor, rich, differences in men and women to overcome the
inequality. This is one of the reason behind high mortality rates In UK and
other countries many people are living in poor areas ant their health have been
effected badly as they cannot afford to buy resources, food and live in
healthier way. (Cite)

 

One major
point concerning this topic is socioeconomic status; it is the class of
individual group and it has divided into three groups; high, middle and low
according to their wealth, occupation, education and power (). Socioeconomic status effects health
in lots of different ways such as poor housing, less opportunities to the more
deprived population, uneducated people and fewer resources such as health
services and physical environments. All of these factors are linked to poor
health and inequality. (Cite)

 

Middle and
low status are in greater risk with their health problems, age faster and much
more likely to die younger than the higher. This is because there are the
working class, which means their occupation is either working in factories, as
cleaners, cashiers with poor environments, standing for long hours. The statistics
show an unskilled manual male worker life expectancy decrease 10years than the
professional male worker and this is same with female but female life
expectancy is higher than male whether they are high or low class (ONS 2004:6).
Compare to the higher class they are in professional jobs such as doctors,
lawyers, managers and schoolteachers with better pay and good working
conditions. Most low class people are unemployed, as they do not have enough
knowledge due to poor education and resources available. Statists shows 10% of women in the
UK are judges, 5% are MPs and 8% are in top management positions. (Cite)

 

Socioeconomic
has a big impact on the low and middle as they have very limited access to
health services because they do not have enough money to afford medicines,
healthier food and exercise to maintain their physical body and mental state of
their health. Due to this, many health and bad behaviours problems raised such
as mental health, stress, underweight, increased mortality rates, drugs and
alcohol intake. ”Marmot (2005) provides a ratio about one-third of our health
being due to bad behaviours such as smoking and drinking and remaining
two-thirds are influenced by social processes.” People under persistent stress, such
as bringing up children alone and in poverty, are likely to carry out health
negative behaviors. Research on women and smoking, showed low-income single
parents were the most likely to smoke and that’s used as a coping tactic for
stress and social exclusion. ”Marmot (2005) cites the work of Hilary Graham on
why lone mothers smoked and spent money on smoking, is because spending on
smoking was only their budget on themselves, and rest of the money goes
elsewhere and smoking is one luxury they could afford to cope with stress and
made their life bearable.” (Cite)

 

Gender
is another factor affecting health; gender refers
to the social, biological, characteristics with femininity or masculinity in
particular society (Janes 2002). Men and women gender matters and affects their experience
of the social world in various ways. In addition, men and women have different
health problems due to different type of physical body, work and engagement in
negative and positive health behaviours. Differences in men and women are
gender-based variations in perceptions of illness.

 

GPs
and NHS are less used by the men to seek medical advice until they have very
poor health condition; this is where masculinity plays role. Hegemonic
masculinity requires men to show they are brave and powerful. ”Connell (2005), point is that you do not have to be a
male to obey characteristics of hegemonic masculinity and gender is fixed by
our biological self, also socially created roles.” Men who cannot cope with an
illness that is not in a bad state taken as failing the requirements of
hegemonic masculinity. In this research, it says men employed in job such as
firefighting it is easy for men to talk about their health as their job
strongly accorded with masculine identity than men working in office-based jobs
because firefighting job is dangerous and risky work that characterises in
stereotypes of being a man (O’Brien et al. 2005). This shows that masculinity
act as a barrier for men to seek for help when they need and preventing them
from engaging in healthier and positive behaviours.

In UK, pay gap between
men and women are roughly the same amount but in 1975 but men started to earn
out women. ”By the age of 49 men earn 45% more than women (ONS 2014).” The
difference in pay would affect women more with life experience, power and
inequalities in opportunities. Most of the women are likely to work part time
and primarily responsible for caring and household work and men works in roles
requiring physical labour and at workplaces in more powerful posts. Men are
exposed to hazards as they work in risky places with machines and smoke pollutions
that affects their health and cause many problems such as heart disease,
breathing problems, strokes, cardiovascular disorders and other illness such as
mental problems and stress.