Dengue Health, 2016). Death cases were also recorded

Dengue
is a virus caused by the mosquito bites. Aedes agepty one of the species
that spread the dengue illness and it is transmitted by female mosquito. Dengue
illness is a very dangerous illness because it can cause of dead for whom who
get this virus (World Health Organization, 2017). Dengue illness is increase dramatically
year by year. Based on the world’s population, 50% of them
live under the threat of dengue; this is responsible for approximately 390
million infections globally per year (Takeda, 2015). In Malaysia
also, this illness are keep increasingly, not only in abroad. There is an increase
cases reported in Malaysia in 2014 to 2015 which is from 108 to 835 cases per
year (DG of Health, 2016). Death cases were also recorded during the same
period of which 215 to 336 deaths, an increase of 56.2 % (DG of Health, 2016).

            However, for whom who get dengue
illness, there is no specific treatment for this virus. So that, people should
prevent from get this illness because it is very difficult to treat. Therefore,
personal protection and the environmental management of mosquitoes are
important in preventing illness. Every person should know about the dengue, the
symptoms of dengue fever, and how to prevent from affecting dengue. There is a
lot of program and advertisement about the dengue prevention in media, but some
of us just ignore it. Human behavior is the most important contributor to
prevent from the spread of the mosquito populations. Impact on prevention and
control of the dengue is cause by belief, social demographic characteristics
and practices among people (Wong et al., 2014).

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            Moreover,
some actions have been taken by the City Council to prevent from mosquito population
such as Ultra Low Volume fogging to places where were reported have dengue
cases. Noted that married person take more serious towards dengue prevention compared to single
people (Wong et al., 2017). Some of the practices taken by the community to
prevent from dengue illness are include eliminates standing water, bed nets,
cuts down bushes, and cleans water filled containers (Nur Ain et al., 2017).
Apart from that, attitudes and knowledge also associated with dengue
prevention. From attitude and knowledge, it will attract people to prevent
dengue.

 

            This study is to identify and
understand about the factors that contribute to dengue prevention among
community in Perak. It is well known that Perak is the third state which was
reported as the highest case of dengue from all 14 states in Malaysia. 

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