Alyssa? ?loss? ?and? ?devastation.? ?Now,? ?over? ?seventy? ?years

Alyssa? ?Dube?
Mr.? ?Boersen
CHC2Da
14/11/2017

Horrors? ?of? ?the? ?Holocaust

American? ?historian?,? ??Stephen? ?Ambrose,? ??once? ?stated? ?that? ??”the? ?H?olocaust? ?was? ?the? ?most? ?evil
crime? ?ever? ?committed”?.? ?? ?This? ?is? ?a? ?statement? ?society? ?has? ?learned? ?to? ?agree? ?with.? ?? ?For? ?over? ?seventy
years,? ?humanity? ?has? ?been? ?living? ?in? ?the? ?aftermath? ?of? ?the? ?Holocaust,? ?and? ?mankind? ?has? ?been? ?able? ?to
look? ?back? ?on? ?this? ?significant? ?time.? ?? ?During? ?this? ?horrific? ?event,? ?in? ?order? ?to? ?claim? ?power,
Germany’s? ?ruler,? ??Hitler,? ??used? ?a? ?basic? ?strategy? ?of? ?creating? ?sub-humans? ?enemies,? ?then? ?escalating
that? ?discrimination? ?into? ?murder.? ?? ?As? ?the? ?Nazis? ?perfected? ?the? ?art? ?of? ?scapegoating? ?into? ?a? ?science,? ?it
was? ?the? ?Jewish? ?Peoples? ?who? ?became? ?the? ?main? ?scapegoat? ?of? ?choice? ?throughout? ?World? ?War? ?2.
The? ?Nazis? ?began? ?influencing? ?the? ?idea? ?of? ?the? ?evil,? ?subhuman? ?Jews,? ?to? ?the? ?public? ?through
disseminating? ?vicious? ?propaganda? ?and? ?passing? ?discriminatory? ?laws.? ?? ?When? ?the? ?public? ?began
believing? ?these? ?absurd? ?lies,? ?the? ?Nazis? ?succeeded? ?in? ?turning? ?a? ?civilized? ?democratic? ?society? ?into? ?a
mass? ?killing? ?machine.? ?Due? ?to? ?the? ?lack? ?of? ?empathy,? ?the? ?Nazi? ?government? ?was? ?unable? ?to? ?identify
their? ?responsibilities,? ?which? ?resulted? ?in? ?massive? ?loss? ?and? ?devastation.? ?Now,? ?over? ?seventy? ?years
later,? ?because? ?of? ?the? ?poor? ?example? ?of? ?the? ?Nazi’s? ?rule,? ?all? ?citizens? ?of? ?the? ?globe? ?are? ?able? ?to? ?more
clearly? ?discern? ?their? ?responsibilities? ?and? ?the? ?importance? ?of? ?them.? ??? ?Through? ?the? ?holocaust,? ?society
has? ?learnt? ?how? ?to? ?identify? ?their? ?duties? ?as? ?citizens? ?of? ?the? ?world,? ?and? ?how? ?their? ?actions? ?may? ?affect
others.? ?The? ?main? ?lessons? ?learnt? ?through? ?the? ?Holocaust? ?is? ?the? ?responsibility? ?to? ?protect? ?the

vulnerable,? ?the? ?responsibility? ?to? ?educate,? ?and? ?the? ?dangers? ?of? ?silence.? ?These? ?lessons? ?have? ?been
learned? ?from? ?the? ?horror? ?of? ?this? ?event? ?so? ?that? ?this? ?can? ?be? ?prevented? ?from? ?happening? ?again.

Looking? ?back? ?on? ?World? ?War? ?2,? ?it? ?is? ?easy? ?to? ?recognize? ?who? ?the? ?vulnerable? ?and? ?powerless
were.? ?They? ?were? ?those? ?called? ?subhuman,? ?and? ?scapegoats;? ?they? ?were? ?the? ?Jews.? ?The? ?clear? ?lesson
taught? ?through? ?the? ?Jewish? ?people? ?during? ?the? ?Holocaust,? ?was? ?that? ?society? ?has? ?a? ?responsibility? ?to
protect? ?all? ?people,? ?but? ?especially? ?those? ?in? ?need,? ?those? ?who? ?are? ?powerless,? ?and? ?indifferent.? ?In? ?order
to? ?protect? ?these? ?people? ?society? ?needs? ?to? ?be? ?able? ?to? ?identify? ?them,? ?if? ?they? ?cannot? ?see? ?those? ?who
need? ?aid,? ?they? ?cannot? ?help? ?them.? ?? ?During? ?the? ?Holocaust,? ?the? ?Nazis? ?and? ?those? ?who? ?looked? ?down
upon? ?Jews,? ?were? ?unable? ?to? ?see? ?that? ?they? ?needed? ?help,? ?because? ?they? ?were? ?blinded? ?by
heterogeneity.? ??? ?”No? ?human? ?race? ?is? ?superior;? ?no? ?reglious? ?faith? ?is? ?inferior.? ?All? ?collective
judgements? ?are? ?wrong.? ?Only? ?racists? ?make? ?them”? ?(Elie? ?Wiesel).? ?? ??The? ?power? ?of? ?heterogeneity? ?in
social? ?orders? ?and? ?within? ?an? ?individual’s? ?thinking? ?processes? ?prove? ?a? ?significant? ?lesson? ?in? ?the
Holocaust.? ?? ?In? ?the? ?1940s,? ?people? ?began? ?to? ?obtain? ?a? ?naive? ?craving? ?for? ?unity,? ?after? ?a? ?major? ?time? ?of
economic? ?obstacles? ?during? ?the? ?Great? ?Depression.? ?? ?Although,? ?instead? ?of? ?finding? ?unity? ?through
these? ?common? ?struggles,? ?the? ?society? ?within? ?Germany,? ?looked? ?for? ?a? ?common? ?enemy;? ?someone? ?to
blame? ?for? ?their? ?problems.? ?? ?This? ?unfairly? ?accused? ?group? ?were? ?the? ?jews.? ?Now,? ?after? ?being? ?fed? ?lies
from? ?Hitler? ?and? ?the? ?Nazis,? ?the? ?population? ?began? ?to? ?become? ?opposed? ?to? ?embracing? ?the
complexities? ?and? ?nuances? ?of? ?diversity? ?and? ?ethnic? ?differences.? ?? ?Their? ?society? ?began? ?to? ?become
intolerant,? ?which? ?was? ?influenced? ?from? ?Hitler’s? ?”pure”? ?notion? ?of? ?reality.? ?? ?The? ?Nazi’s? ?were? ?not
tolerant? ?of? ?Jews? ?at? ?all.? ?They? ?refused? ?to? ?accept? ?them? ?and? ?wanted? ?them? ?extinguished? ?because? ?they
did? ?not? ?fit? ?in? ?to? ?their? ?view? ?of? ?the? ?”ideal”? ?race.? ?Because? ?of? ?this,? ?millions? ?of? ?people? ?were? ?tortured

and? ?perished.? ?The? ?lesson? ?learned? ?here? ?is? ?that? ?people? ?need? ?to? ?be? ?more? ?tolerant.? ?As? ?a? ?result? ?of? ?the
Holocaust,? ?individuals? ?can? ?learn? ?how? ?powerful? ?it? ?is? ?to? ?live? ?with? ?difference? ?and? ?accept? ?tolerance? ?in
all? ?of? ?its? ?forms.? ?? ?If? ?mankind? ?is? ?able? ?to? ?identify? ?those? ?in? ?need,? ?and? ?help? ?them,? ?society? ?is? ?one? ?step
closer? ?to? ?living? ?as? ?one,? ?as? ?a? ?proper? ?unity,? ?and? ?being? ?tolerant? ?of? ?others.? ?This? ?will? ?be? ?a? ?major? ?factor
to? ?preventing? ?another? ?crisis? ?like? ?the? ?Holocaust,? ?from? ?happening? ?again.? ?? ?Thus,? ?society? ?learns? ?to? ?be
willing? ?to? ?understand? ?one’s? ?views,? ?beliefs? ?and? ?actions? ?that? ?differ? ?from? ?their? ?own.? ??”You? ?never
really? ?understand? ?a? ?person? ?until? ?you? ?consider? ?things? ?from? ?his? ?point? ?of? ?view…? ?Until? ?you? ?climb? ?into
his? ?skin? ?and? ?walk? ?around? ?in? ?it.”? ?(Harper? ?Lee).

Silence? ?was? ?a? ?very? ?powerful? ?factor? ?during? ?the? ?Holocaust.? ?Many? ?people? ?knew? ?of? ?the
harmful? ?things? ?that? ?were? ?being? ?done? ?to? ?the? ?Jewish? ?people? ?but? ?never? ?spoke? ?against? ?it.? ?This? ?was
mainly? ?out? ?of? ?fear,? ?but? ?what? ?might? ?have? ?happened? ?if? ?more? ?people? ?spoke? ?out?? ?? ?Once? ?against
Holocaust? ?survivor,? ?Elie? ?Wiesel? ?has? ?something? ?to? ?say? ?on? ?the? ?matter;?”I? ?swore? ?never? ?to? ?be? ?silent
whenever? ?and? ?wherever? ?human? ?beings? ?endure? ?suffering? ?and? ?humiliation.? ?We? ?must? ?always? ?take
sides.? ?Neutrality? ?helps? ?the? ?oppressor,? ?never? ?the? ?victim.? ?? ?Silence? ?helps? ?the? ?tormentor,? ?not? ?the
tormented”?? ?(Elie? ?Wiesel).? ?The? ?Holocaust? ?instructs? ?all? ?of? ?its? ?students? ?as? ?to? ?what? ?happens? ?when? ?a
society? ?falls? ?silent? ?in? ?failing? ?to? ?protect? ?its? ?diverse? ?and? ?heterogeneous? ?nature.? ?There? ?is? ?a? ?famous
poem? ?by? ?Martin? ?Niemoller? ?which? ?states? ?this? ?important? ?lesson? ?on? ?the? ?dangers? ?of? ?silence,? ?we? ?have
all? ?learnt? ?from? ?the? ?Holocaust;? ??”They? ?came? ?for? ?the? ?Communists,? ?but? ?I? ?didn’t? ?speak? ?up? ?because? ?I
was? ?none? ?of? ?those.? ?Then? ?they? ?came? ?for? ?the? ?Jews? ?and? ?I? ?didn’t? ?speak? ?up? ?because? ?I? ?was? ?not? ?a? ?Jew.
Then? ?they? ?came? ?for? ?the? ?trade? ?unionists? ?and? ?I? ?didn’t? ?speak? ?up? ?because? ?I? ?didn’t? ?practice? ?a? ?trade.
Then? ?they? ?came? ?for? ?the? ?Catholics,? ?and? ?I? ?was? ?a? ?Protestant? ?so? ?I? ?didn’t? ?speak? ?up.? ?Then? ?they? ?came

for? ?me…? ?by? ?that? ?time? ?there? ?was? ?no? ?one? ?left? ?to? ?speak? ?up”? ?(?Martin? ?Niemoller?).? ??Through? ?the
Holocaust? ?we? ?learn? ?that? ?society? ?must? ?not? ?be? ?quiet? ?when? ?governments? ?start? ?to? ?treat? ?groups? ?within
their? ?country? ?poorly,? ?but? ?they? ?must? ?fight? ?for? ?what? ?is? ?right.? ?If? ?people? ?begin? ?to? ?practice? ?this,? ?future
conflict? ?will? ?be? ?avoided.

The? ?importance? ?of? ?a? ?good? ?education? ?is? ?another? ?significant? ?lesson? ?we? ?can? ?draw? ?from? ?the
Holocaust.? ?? ?A? ?good? ?example? ?of? ?this? ?is? ?Elie? ?Wiesel.? ?? ?Wiesel? ?was? ?a? ?Jewish-American? ?writer,
professor,? ?political? ?activist,? ?Nobel? ?Laureate,? ?and? ?Holocaust? ?survivor.? ?? ?During? ?World? ?War? ?II,? ?most
of? ?his? ?family? ?were? ?killed? ?in? ?concentration? ?camps.? ?? ?Wiesel,? ?too,? ?spent? ?11? ?months? ?in? ?Nazi
concentration? ?camps? ?before? ?being? ?liberated? ?in? ?April? ?1945? ?by? ?the? ?89th? ?Infantry? ?Division.? ?Since
than,? ?Wiesel? ?has? ?gone? ?on? ?to? ?write? ?a? ?memoir;? ??Night.? ??? ?His? ?memoir? ?holds? ?the? ?horrors? ?of? ?the
Holocaust? ?and? ?living? ?with? ?survivor’s? ?guilt.? ??”Wherever? ?men? ?and? ?women? ?are? ?persecuted? ?because
of? ?their? ?race,? ?religion,? ?or? ?political? ?views,? ?that? ?place? ?must? ?-? ?at? ?that? ?moment? ?-? ?become? ?the? ?center? ?of
the? ?universe”? ?(Elie? ?Wiesel).?? ?? ?One? ?will? ?notice? ?when? ?reading? ?Wiesel’s? ?memoir? ?that? ?he? ?holds? ?a? ?great
deal? ?of? ?wisdom.? ?He? ?informs? ?readers? ?of? ?the? ?events? ?during? ?the? ?Holocaust,? ?what? ?it? ?looked? ?like? ?and
what? ?it? ?felt? ?like.? ?? ?Due? ?to? ?Wiesel’s? ?first? ?hand? ?experience,? ?he? ?lived? ?most? ?of? ?his? ?life? ?being? ?an? ?activist;
speaking? ?out? ?for? ?other? ?who? ?couldn’t? ?speak? ?for? ?themselves.? ?Therefore,? ?even? ?though? ?the? ?Holocaust
resulted? ?in? ?much? ?loss? ?and? ?devastation,? ?many? ?of? ?the? ?people? ?that? ?came? ?out? ?of? ?this? ?experience
stronger,? ?and? ?wanted? ?to? ?help? ?others? ?in? ?need.? ?People? ?became? ?educated? ?due? ?to? ?first? ?hand
experience,? ?and? ?as? ?we? ?learn? ?from? ?these? ?Holocaust? ?survivors,? ?we? ?see? ?that? ?society? ?should? ?not? ?have
to? ?go? ?through? ?these? ?events? ?in? ?order? ?to? ?gain? ?that? ?wisdom.? ?By? ?looking? ?back? ?at? ?the? ?Holocaust,? ?it? ?is

easier? ?to? ?identity? ?what? ?went? ?wrong,? ?and? ?how? ?we? ?can? ?change? ?that? ?to? ?prevent? ?it? ?from? ?happening
again.? ?We? ?also? ?see? ?that? ?a? ?good? ?moral? ?education? ?is? ?an? ?important? ?factor? ?for? ?society? ?to? ?have.? ?During
the? ?Holocaust,? ?Hitler? ?had? ?a? ?very? ?strong? ?view? ?on? ?education? ?and? ?youth;? ?they? ?were? ?important? ?in
shaping? ?the? ?future.? ?He? ?wanted? ?children? ?to? ?be? ?loyal? ?to? ?the? ?Nazi? ?state? ?to? ?ensure? ?that? ?the? ?Third? ?Reich
(Nazi? ?Party)? ?lasted? ?for? ?1000? ?years.? ?? ?Hitler? ?had? ?two? ?basic? ?ideas? ?he? ?believed? ?in? ?which? ?underwrote
education? ?in? ?Nazi? ?Germany.? ?The? ?first? ?was? ?that? ?the? ?importance? ?of? ?race? ?had? ?to? ?be? ?burned? ?into? ?the
heart? ?and? ?soul? ?of? ?all? ?children? ?in? ?Germany.? ?Secondly,? ?Hitler? ?believed? ?that? ?education? ?had? ?to
prepare? ?the? ?youth? ?of? ?Germany? ?for? ?war? ?if? ?it? ?came? ?and? ?not? ?to? ?fear? ?death.? ?An? ?article? ?on? ?the? ?History
of? ?Learning? ?states? ?that? ?”?Hitler? ?required? ?schools? ?to? ?push? ?national? ?pride? ?and? ?race? ?issues? ?within? ?the
lessons? ?taught? ?regardless? ?of? ?the? ?age? ?of? ?the? ?pupils.? ?History? ?became? ?historicism? ?–? ?the? ?study? ?of
history? ?for? ?political? ?purposes.? ?Biology? ?was? ?used? ?as? ?a? ?vehicle? ?to? ?push? ?race? ?ideas? ?while? ?PE? ?was
used? ?to? ?develop? ?a? ?child’s? ?physical? ?well-being.”? ??One? ?will? ?notice? ?that? ?it? ?seems? ?Hitler? ?is? ?not? ?raising
civilized? ?people,? ?but? ?soldiers? ?who? ?believe? ?in? ?the? ?same? ?things? ?he? ?does.? ?? ?Who? ?will? ?rebel? ?when? ?they
were? ?raised? ?to? ?believe? ?in? ?incorrect? ?morals?? ?Therefore? ?we? ?learn? ?that? ?a? ?good,? ?and? ?fair? ?education? ?is
important,? ?because? ?it? ?will? ?prevent? ?fear? ?based? ?societies,? ?prejudices,? ?and? ?bias? ?opinions.

A? ?major? ?factor? ?that? ?many? ?tend? ?to? ?turn? ?a? ?blind? ?eye? ?toward,? ?was? ?that? ?the? ?Holocaust? ?did? ?not
begin? ?within? ?”?the? ?gas? ?chambers;? ?it? ?began? ?with? ?words.? ?It? ?started? ?with? ?politicians? ?dividing? ?the
people? ?with? ?’us? ?vs.? ?them’.? ?It? ?started? ?with? ?intolerance? ?and? ?hate? ?speech,? ?and? ?people? ?stopped? ?caring,
becoming? ?desensitized,? ?and? ?turned? ?us? ?blind”? ?(Unknown).? ??? ?This? ?is? ?a? ?major? ?reason? ?to? ?why? ?this? ?kind
of? ?horror? ?continues? ?to? ?happen? ?today.? ?Even? ?though? ?society? ?is? ?taking? ?as? ?many? ?precautions? ?as
possible,? ?the? ?verbal? ?threats? ?and? ?accusations? ?are? ?an? ?ongoing? ?problem? ?within? ?our? ?civilization,? ?that

could? ?lead? ?to? ?a? ?repeat? ?in? ?history.? ?So? ?the? ?question? ?remains;? ?even? ?if? ?society? ?learns? ?to? ?protect? ?the
vulnerable,? ?to? ?educate? ?the? ?community,? ?and? ?speak? ?for? ?their? ?beliefs,? ?will? ?that? ?be? ?enough? ?to? ?prevent
the? ?dangerous? ?and? ?powerful? ?influence? ?of? ?prejudices?

What? ?are? ?Three? ?lessons? ?that? ?can? ?be? ?learned? ?from? ?the? ?horror? ?of? ?the? ?Holocaust? ?so? ?that? ?this? ?can
be? ?prevented? ?from? ?happening? ?again?? ?In? ?your? ?concluding? ?sentence,? ?state? ?why? ?even? ?though? ?we
may? ?learn? ?these? ?lessons,? ?this? ?kind? ?of? ?horror? ?continues? ?to? ?happen? ?today