A study on positive relationship between age and entrepreneurship in
textile industries of Japan
Researchers are all the time more
interested that entrepreneurship as a means to eliminate youth unemployment and
to get better financial stability at higher ages. However, only few studies until
now have examined the relationship between age and entrepreneurial activity. Earlier
research explained the general negative contact of age on entrepreneurship, but
no research has been done on positive contact of age over entrepreneurship
activities using cross-sectional study. We can develop and test our model in ages
between (20 to 80) years and our objective is to test, that with course of time
perceived opportunities and skills of an entrepreneur improved which in
sequence increase entrepreneurship activities in the textile industry. Here
perceived opportunities, and skills, participate as a mediating role between
age and entrepreneurship activities. This ultimately could help to reduce
unemployment, and improve financial stability in that sector.
entrepreneurship”? Basically entrepreneurship is describes as the finding, assessment
and utilization of new opportunities, new sources to create new ideas and
products ”.(Shane and Venkataraman, 2000). ”In generally, some previous studies recommended
the negative contact of age our entrepreneurship as referred by” (levesque and minniti, 2006). Moreover, this negative connection is
still under discussion due to age allied characteristics.
Here we will add to
this text using lifespan perspective theory, to examine the positive contact of
age over entrepreneurship activities in textile industries via perceived
opportunities and perceived skills as mediating variables; and our population
is limited to textile industries, in Japan.
in 1987) ”says that, actually improvement is process of all-time gaining and loosing in mental characteristics
in life, As we know some abilities turn
down with passage of age e.g. physical muscle and some abilities, boost up (e.g.
acquaintance, intelligence, and skills).
Moreover, at higher ages people mount up with human resources which balance
for decline in physical strength.
in 1987) says that, awareness of have some skills link with self efficiency which
further increase a confidence of capable of doing tasks effectively,,. Further,
individual’s evaluation on the own capital and opportunity also builds self efficiency (Aizen.1987 and Gist and Mitchell, 1992). This self efficiency develops a belief of goal
attainment which in sequence play rule to increase of intentions and actions to
reach that goal referred as (Boyed and
vozikis, 1994). Desire to be excellent entrepreneur is based on
entrepreneurship self efficiency (Zhao et al.,
2005). So, this self efficiency develop if you have skills, and
How the age positively
relate with entrepreneurship activities? Or
How the entrepreneurship activities increase the perceived opportunities
and perceived skills with passage of age?
Definition of key concept
Entrepreneurial activity increases perceived opportunities (i.e. because people are in the entrepreneurial state of mind once they are engaged in entrepreneurship and as a result persistently perceived new opportunities) and perceived skills (i.e. because managing of business and performing the frequent tasks over long time create self efficiency perceptions). As with age intelligence and leadership abilities enhance according to theories of leadership development literature and lifespan psychology literature and entrepreneurship
In this research our point
is to test that, with age, skills and perceived opportunities of entrepreneur
increase which in sequence give positive contact on entrepreneurship activities
( as we know if entrepreneurship activities increases it would increase
business ,or expansion of business which further would help to decrease the
unemployment in society and improve the financial stability)
First of all we will
develop a representative sample of entrepreneur ages between (20 to 80) who are
involved in textile business for less than 10 years (x30 years). After our examination we
will compare the result of 3 tests model.
My first choice is to gather
data through personal visits and with the help company’s coordination including
small and medium enterprises to larger for research purpose we can collect
primary data, to test our model; otherwise we can also use data of AGM, Global
entrepreneurship monitor which is most recent publically available data, which
reflect development in entrepreneurship, in all industries including textile,
with more than 100 plus countries including Japan and Pakistan
After study predictable
result could be, number of entrepreneurs who are in textile business for less
than 10 years could have less, entrepreneurship activities, as skills and
perceived opportunities are less as compared to the test model of, age (10