1) done CPR, mouth-to-mouth, and rub-downs. It is

1)
Ovariohysterectomy: (Dogs and cats) on Dorsal Recumbency position with all 4
extremities tied down to the table.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical
stapler/staples, stapler remover, Surgical Table, Suture material, Scalpel
Blade, surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile gloves.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The sterile spay surgical pack
contains: Snook Hook, Olsen Hegar Needle Holder, Mayo Scissor, Halstead
Mosquito Hemostats, Curved Kelly Hemostats, Straight Rochester Carmalts,
Straight Rochester Carmalts, Curved Allis Forceps, Straight Metzenbaum Scissor,
Curved Adson Brown Forcep ,  Scalpel Handle,  Backhaus Towel Forceps.

 

2) Caesarean
section:

Dogs and cats: on dorsal recumbency
with all 4 extremities tied down to the table.

Cows:  Different postions:  standing left paralumbar celiotomy, standing
right paralumbar celiotomy, recumbent left paralumbar celiotomy, recumbent
right paralumbar celiotomy, recumbent ventral midline celiotomy, recumbent
ventral paramedian celiotomy, ventrolateral celiotomy, and the standing left
oblique celiotomy.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical
stapler/staples, Stapler remover, Surgical Table, Suture material, LA restraint
ropes & halter, Spay surgical pack, Scalpel Blade, surgical gown, caps,
masks, sterile gloves. Once the uterus is gently exteriorized—laparotomy sponges can be placed to
prevent uterine fluids from contaminating the abdomen.

Neonates: as they come out,
staff removes sacs, cuts cords and tries to get them all breathing. It should
be done CPR, mouth-to-mouth, and rub-downs. It is vital to keep them warm by
using warm towels. Three “hypos” should be avoided at all cost: hypotension,
hypoxia and hypothermia. The amniotic sac has to be removed quickly and airways
cleared with a bulb syringe. Hypotension can be addressed by pre operation IV
fluids on the mother.

 

3) Orthopedic
procedures: Dogs, cats, cows, horses

The animal patient is placed in
dorsal recumbency with the affected limb extended rostrally so medial and the
surgeon can easily access lateral compartments of the joint.

Equipment: electric clippers, Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical
apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical Table, Suture material and orthopedic instruments,
LA restraint ropes & halter, Orthopedic surgical pack, Scalpel Blade,
surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile gloves.

The Orthopedic surgical pack
contains: Bone cutting forceps, Bone files, Bone fragment forceps, Bone holding
forceps, Bone rasps, Bone Tamps, Cartilage Scissors and knife, Cartilage
scissors, Clamp and knife, Chisels, Crimper, Cruciate packs, Curettes, Depth
gauge, Drills, Elevators, Fracture management, Gouges, Hand chuck, Hand drills,
Hand held retractors, Hooks, Probes, Retractors, IVD Rongeurs, Kerrison with
thin foot plate, Kirschner wires, K-wires, Ligament meniscus clamp, Locking
pliers, Mallet, Measuring ruler, Osteotomes, Pin and rod cutters, Pliers,
Mallet , Measuring Ruler, Pin and Rod Cutters, Pliers, Punches, Rongeurs Double
action, Rongeurs single action, ,Saws , Screwdrivers, Self retaining
retractors, Steinmann Pins, Stifle retractor, Suction tubes, tamps, trephine
bone saws, Wire and Pin cutters, Wire and pin management, Wire Passer and Wire
twisters.

 

4) Orchiectomy:
Dogs,
cats, cows, horses and any livestock

Horses: left lateral recumbency (right handed
surgeon), dorsal recumbency, tie the limbs, standing and sedated

 

Dogs: Ventral Dorsal position with
all 4 extremities tied up to the table.

Cats: Either on Dorsal recumbency
with all four extremities tied up to the table or lateral recumbency.

Bulls: in standing position.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical
stapler/staples, Stapler remover, Surgical Table, Suture material,
Emasculators, Neuter surgical pack, LA restraint ropes & halter, Scalpel
Blade, surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile gloves.

 

5) Tail
docking: Dogs, Cats or any other species that may need it.

Patients positioned on Dorsal
Ventral recumbency, tie straight out caudal aspect extending to the edge of the
table, surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile gloves.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical
stapler/staples, Stapler remover, Surgical Table, Suture material, Laceration
surgical pack.

 

 

 

6) Tail
docking in large animals

Different methods
of tail docking in large animals are used, including cauterizing docking irons,
application of elastrator bands, use of emasculators, and surgical excision.
The most common method is the elastrator band application. A tight rubber ring
is applied to the tail in order to remove 1/3 up to 2/3 of the tail. In dairy
industry it is usually done on preparturient heifers. In The US current AVMA
policy opposes routine tail docking of cattle. Some benefits of tail docking in
cattle include reduction in the risk of leptospirosis in milkers, reduces
incidence of mastitis, improves cow cleanliness and reduces tail injury.

 

7) Onychectomy:
dogs
and cats

Patients placed on lateral or dorsal
 recumbency.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical
stapler/staples, Stapler remover, Surgical Table, Suture material, tourniquet,
Laceration surgical pack, Scalpel Blade, surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile
gloves.

 

8) Laparotomies:
Dogs,
cats, horses, cattle and any other species that may need it.

Patient is placed on surgical table on dorsal recumbency,
all extremities tied up to the table.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical
stapler/staples, Stapler remover, Surgical Table, Suture material, tourniquet,
Exploratory surgical pack, Scalpel Blade, surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile
gloves, moistened laparotomy pads. The Exploratory surgical pack contains:
Surgical bowl, bulb syringe for irrigation, laparotomy pads, 4 x 4″ gauze
sponges, monopolar diathermy cable, suction tube,  Poole suction tip,  Babcock tissue forceps, Allis tissue
forceps,  No 15 and 10 scalpel blades,
Bard Parker scalpel handle,  Backhaus
towel clamps,  curved and straight
Metzenbaum scissors,  straight Mayo
scissors,  Balfour retractors,  Debakey tissue forceps,  Rat-tooth thumb forceps,  Mayo-Hegar needle holders,  straight and curved Rochester-Carmalt
hemostatic forceps,  straight and curved
mosquito hemostatic forceps.

 

9) Dystocias:
Dogs,
cats, cows, horses and any livestock.

Small patients are positioned on
Dorsal Ventral position. Large animals in standing position.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical Table,
Suture material, Spay surgical pack, Scalpel Blade, LA restraint ropes &
halter surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile glove, Scalpel blade.

 

10) Dehorning: Cattle and goats

Restrain calves with a halter tied
to a ring, a post, or the head gate of the chute. On Goats your assistant must
hold its head and pull the ear nearest the bud you are going to remove, down
and away from the bud.

Equipment:  dehorning iron, electric clippers.

 

 

11) Prolapsed
organs: Dogs, cats, cows

It is commonly rectal in dogs and uterine
prolapsed in cows, usually result of dystocia.

Position cats and dogs on ventral dorsal recumbency.
Cows will be standing.

Equipment: electric clippers,
Sterile surgical gloves, Surgical apparel, Surgical lights, Surgical Table,
Suture material, LA restraint ropes & halter, Spay or Laceration surgical
pack, Scalpel Blade, surgical gown, caps, masks, sterile gloves.

 

Student
Log Book (1) – Ovariohysterectomy

Name: Mimi

Species: Canine

Breed: Yorkshire Terrier

Sex: Female

Age: 2 YO

Date of procedure: 01/12/2018

 

Student Log Book (2) –
Ovariohysterectomy

Name: Princess

Species: Feline

Breed: DSH

Sex: Female

Age:  7 months old

Date of procedure: 01/12/2018

 

 

Student Log Book (3) –
Orchiectomy

Name: Zeus

Species: Canine

Breed: Poodle

Sex: Male

Age: 3 YO

Date of procedure: 01/05/2018

 

Student Log Book (4) –
Orchiectomy

Name: Toby

Species: Feline

Breed: DSH

Sex: Male

Age: 9 months old

Date of procedure: 01/12/2018

 

Description of procedure including what
part student played in the treatment of the animal:

Ovariohysterectomy:  As soon as I came in the Surgery suite I
opened the oxygen tank, I made a new bag of LRS for the fluid pump and labeled
it accordingly, I turned on the heating pad (and covered it with a towel) after
checking the water level on machine, I checked the oxygen system for any
leakage, I chose breathing bags and endotracheal tubes according to the
patients of the day, I inflated ET tubes to make sure they were good, I made
flushes, I got all my IV catheters, electric clippers, T-Ports, tape, bandage
material, scrub and alcohol. I calculated all the drugs for each patient
according to their weight; I logged the drugs in the Doctor’s Log book. I took
the Spay pack out and placed it on a surgical tray (waited until surgeon was
ready, then opened it), placed Sterile gown, a cap and a pair of surgical
gloves on a table outside the surgery suite for the DVM. I pre-meded the
patient 15 minutes prior to taking them into surgery suite, then I placed a 20
GA IV catheter in, I induced using Diazepan and them giving Propofol to effect,
I intubated, placed them on Dorsal recumbency, positioned the surgical lights
direct to patient’s abdomen, I inflated the ET cuff, connected them to oxygen,
opened Isofluorane at 2, checked for any leakage by squeezing the breathing bag
and smelling for gas, placed all EKG leads, put some alcohol on them, tied
their 4 limbs down to the table, placed the thermometer line in their mouth,
SPO2 on tongue, connected the fluid line to IV catheter and start the fluids,
gave them an IV injection of Ampicillin. Shaved abdomen and scrubbed using a
germicidal solution. I opened the Spay pack for the surgeon, did not touch
the inner drape. When surgeon was ready I opened a scalpel blade #10 and suture
material according to her preference. I monitored the anesthesia the entire
time and recorded the anesthesia-monitoring sheet every 5 minutes. At the end I
turned off the gas anesthesia, I deflated the ET cuff, I turned off fluids, I
took the EKG leads off the patient, the spo2, the thermometer, untied the
patient and positioned them on lateral recumbency until they start to wake up,
I disconnected the ET tube from oxygen, and waited for them to start swallowing,
after the third time I extubated them. They were taken to their cage; they had
a warming blanket until they fully wake up to get their pain medication
injection (Buprenorphine for dogs, Buprenorphine SR for cats).

Orchiectomy: Same as above,
except for the shaving. I shaved the area between the prepuce and the
testicles. On the canine I also shaved the testicles. On the feline I plucked
the testicular hair. Took the orchiectomy pack for the surgery.

x

Hi!
I'm Freda!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out